6th Floor, Satpura Bhawan, Bhopal

Syllabus & Guidelines

Schedule Serial No. 2

Subject: - Occupational

No. of Admission: - 0-50 Admission per year

Regular For The Degree Of Bachlor Of Occupational Therapy
(41/2 year degree COURSE)

2. In addition to the above the applicant institute must have a department of occupational therapy in the hospital.

3. A candidate who has attained at least the age of 17 years on the 31st December of the year of his admission to the Bachelor of Occupational Therapy Course may be admitted to the Part I Examination provided her has persued a regular course of study for not less than one academic year in a College affiliated to the University in Bachelor of Occupational Therapy Course in the prescribed subjects after passing the Higher Secondary Examination (10+2) conducted by the Board of Higher Secondary Education or an examination considered equivalent there to and recognised as such by this University with English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology with minimum 45% marks. There will be only 40 general * 5 N.R.I. Seats in any Institution running this programme.

4. A candidate who has appeared at the Part-I Examination may proceed to attend classes in the second year in a college affiliated to the University in Bachelor of Occupational therapy Course and may be admitted to the Part-II Examination provided he has persued a regular course of study in the prescribed subjects for one academic year and provided also he has passed the part-I examination in all the subjects.

  1. A candidate who has appeared at the Part II Examination may proceed to attend classes in the third year in a College affiliated to the University in Bachelor of Occupational Therapy Course and may be admitted to the Part III Examination provided he has persued a regular course of study in the prescribed subjects for one academic year and provided also he has passed the Part-II Examination in all the subjects. The last year includes the part-IV. Students can be admitted to Part-IV after successful completion of part III examination.
  2. i) For each part of the examination there shall be two examinations in a year, Annual and the Supplementary Examination.
    1. An Examination for the Degree of Bachelor of Occupational Therapy shall be held annually followed by a Supplementary Ex amination to be held after six weeks or as decided by the University after the publication of results of the Annual Examination on such date as the University shall determine and duly notify.
  3. In order to pass the Part I/II/III & IV Examination, a candidate must obtain 50% marks of the theoretical and practical examination separately internal Assessment marks obtained by a candidate will be counted in determining his percentage of marks in the Theoretical / Practical portion of the examination. A candidate shall be deemed to have failed in a subject if he fails to obtain pass mark either in Theoretical or in Practical of that particular subject.
  4. Every candidate for admission to the Part I/II/III & IV examination shall send to the Registration of Examination an application in the prescribed form through the Principal of his college within the last date fixed for the purpose by the University together with a prescribed fee for each Part of the Examination. No admit card for the examination shall be issued in favour of a candidate unless his application is accompanied by a certificate from the Principal of his college showing his so good conducted (b) satisfactory performance of college tests and (c) attendance & 75% of practical classes held in each of the subjects in which he intends to appear.
  5. Candidate who will be successful at the Part-IV Examination shall be required immediately to undergo compulsory rotating full-time internship for a period of six months in the institution, Hospital. Only after successful completion of the compulsory Rotating Internship, a candidate shall be admitted to the degree.
  6. The candidate who obtain 50% marks or more but below 60% marks in Part I, II, III & IV taken together will be declared to have passed in second division and candidate who obtain more than 60% percent marks will be declared to have passed in first division, candidates who obtain 75% or more marks in the practical and theory examination shall be granted distinction in the subject.

    In addition to the Annual Examination there shall be supplementary examinations for first year, second year III Year and final year. Occupational therapy students, which shall be held in July. Candidates who fail to pass or fail to present themselves at the annual examination may be admitted to these supplementary examinations on payment of the prescribed frees. Only those candidates shall be declared to have passed the supplementary examination that obtain the requisite percentage of pass marks.

    Candidate who fail to pass, or fail to present themselves at the supplementary examination of first year, second year, third year and final year in occupational therapy may be permitted to appear at the next annual examination after perusing a further course of prescribed study.

  8. Scheme of Examination and syllabus and seats will be determined by the Board of Studies / Standing Committee of the academic council of the University from time to time.

Syllabus for Bachelor of Occupational Therapy

Part-I1. The Part-I Examination shall consist of the following subjects (Teaching hour approximately for lectures to be delivered and practical classes to be held in each subject indicated against each subject).





Human Anatomy




Human Physiology including Bio chemistry




Pathology & Pharmacology including Bacteriology








Principles of Occupational Therapy




Mathematics & Statistics



2. The full marks for each subject and the minimum marks required for passing the same shall be as follows:



Int. Asstt.

Min Marks (Wrt. + Int Asst.)


Int. Asst.

Min Marks (Pract + Int. Asst.)

Total Marks

a. Human Anatomy








b. Human Physiology including Bio-chemistry








c. Pathology & Pharmacology








d. Psychology








e. Principles of Occupational Therapy








f. Mathematics & Statistics








Thorax: Ribs, Vertebrae, Intercostals space, intercostals nerve, pleural, reflection, outline of respiratory system as a whole. Medicastinal surface of lungs, Broncho-pulmonary segments, Mediastinum, Heart & Coronary vessels, Joints of Thorax, Vertebral column & its applied anatomyAbdomen & Pelvis: Lumbar vertebral, Sacrum, Bony Pelvis, Ant Abdominal wall, Inguinal canal & hernia, Testes, Scrotum, General outline of digestive system, Liver, gall bladder, kidney, uretger, Suprarenal glad, urinary bladder, prostate, urethra, male and female reproductive organs, joints and pelvis.Superior Extremity: Bones in detail Branchial Plexus including applied anatomy, Main muscle groupos and their action, joints and their applied anatomy, Axillary lymphondes and lymphatic drainage of mammary gland venous drainage of upper limb.Interior Extremity: Bones in detail, lumber and sacral plexus, main nervesd and muscles. Arches of foot and its applied anatomy, Arterial anastomosis around knee joint venos drainage, Ingunal lymphodes joints & their applied anatomy.Brain & Spinal Cord: Connection & main functions of each part, internal capsule, and blood supply.Surface Anatomy: Bony landmarks and surface anatomy of important structures.

Practicals(Demonstrations only)

1. Dissection of Superior Extremity - 17 hours

2. Dissection of Inferior Extremity - 17 hours

3. Head & neck - 6 hours

4. Brain & Spinal Cord - 5 hours

5. Abdomnial & Pelvic viscera - 6 hours

6. Thorax - 4 hours

7. Histology-Elementary Tissue - 5 hours

During the training, more emphasis shall be given on the study of bonesd including the process of Ossification, muscles, joints and nerve supply of the limbs in details. A general outline of the respiratory system, digestive system, cardo-vascular system and urogenital system shall be taght to the students. Details should be avoided. As far as practicable, the students should be encourage to dissect the limbs. Other regions including the brain and spinal cord should only be demonstrate embryology need not be taught at all.Book References

1. Text Book of Anatomy - Samar Mitra

2. Human Anatomy - Sahona

3. Human Anatomy - A.K. Dutta

4. Cunningham’s manual of - D.J. Cunnngham

Practical Anatomy PAPER-II


Theory: 120 hrs

Practical: 60 hrs



1. Introduction

Cell: Its structure, principal constituents, properties and functions including cell division.

2. Tissues.Various tissue- their functions.

Blood: Composition and general functions of Plasma

Blood Cells: Structure and Function: Red Blood Cells: White Blood Cell including numbers and approximate length of life position, structure and function of cells of Reticulo endothelial system.

Blood Clotting including bleeding time and clotting time-factors accelerating or slowing the process.

Blood group and their significance-Rh-factory Hemoglobin and E.S.R.

3. Cardio Vascular SystemStructure and arrangement of cardiac muscles conducting system of heart.

Events of cardiac cycle-events of change of heart beat-heart sounds.

Pulse-Changes in pulses and their significance-cardiac output, minute and stroke volume- sterling law-effects of venous return, Heart rate-Regulation. Cardio Vascular reflexes.

Blood pressure-Regulation, Physiological variation.

Peripheral resistance- factors on which this depends.

Structure and functions of arteries, arterioles, capillaries and venies including veinules.

Formation of tissue fluid and lumph-including maintenance of the internal environmental changes in hydrostatic and osmotic pressure, factor responsible for maintaining venous and lympathic flow. Position and distribution of main arteries and deep veins. Structure and function of spleen.

4. Respiratory systemMechanism of Respiration-quite and forced.

Changes in diameters of thorax-Intra pleural and intra pulmonary pressure.

Quantities of lunge volume, tidal and residual, air-vital capacity, gaseous inter changes in lung and tissues.

Control of reparation-Nervous and chemical significance of changes in rate and depth transport of Q2 & CO2- Physiological effects of muscular exercised on respiratory and cardiovascular system.

5. Neuromuscular SystemI. Muscle: Type of muscular tissue- Gross and Microscopic structure function. Basic of muscle contraction – change in muscle contraction. Electrical piphasic and mono phasic action potentials, Chemical thermal and Physical changes, Isometric and Isotonic contraction. Motor units and its properties- clonuses tetanus all crononr law fatigues.

II. Nerve: Gross and microscopic structure of nervous tisse, neurone- Generation of action potential- Nerve impulse- conduction.

Degeneration- Regeneration of perpheral nerves Wallerian.

Degeneration- electro tonus and Biflagus law.

Types and properties of receptors- Type of sensations synapse, reflex are-its properties occlusion summation subminal fatigue etc.

Tracts – Ascending and descending and extrapyramidal tracts.

Function of E.E.G.

Functions of cerebral cortex, cerebrum, cerebellum, Basal ganglion.

Thalamus- connection and functions.

Reticular formation of tone posture and equilibrium, Autonomic nervous system.

Path ways.

Speech and its disorders.

Ear and Vestibular apparatus.6. Digestive System

General arrangement of alimentary canal, liver, pancrease-position – structure and functions.

Food – carbohydrates, protein, fat, salts, water, vitamins and minerals.

Diet: Digestion and Absorption

Metabolism of each foodstuff.

7. Genito Urinary System

Structure and functions of kidney- fundamental unit of kidney-Nephron- Ureters and bladder and urethra.

8. Endocrine System

Position, structure and function of pitutory, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and thymus glands – ovaries – Testes and pancreas

9. TemperatureMaintenance and regulation of body temperature. Skin:

Structure and Function.SEC ‘B’: BIOCHEMISTRY mm 35

1. Biophysics

Concepts of pH and buffers, Acid-base equilibrium, Osmotic pressure and its physiological applications.

2. Cell

Morphology, Structure and functions and cell, cell membrane, Nucleus, Chromatin, mitochrondria, Endeplasmic reticulum, Ribosomes.

3. Carbohydrates

Definition, functions, source, classification, monosachharides, disaccharids, polysaccharides, mucopoly saccharides and its importance.

4. Lipids

Definition, function, sources, classifications, simple lipids, compound lipids, derived lipids. Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. Essential fatty acids and their importance. Blood lipids and their implications, cholesterol and its importance.

5. Proteins

Definition, sources, functions, classification, simple protein, congregated proteins and derived proteins. Properties and reactions of proteins.

6. Nucleic Acids

Structure and functions and DNA, RNA, Nuclessides, Nuceotides, Genetic code, Biologically important nucleotides.

7. Enzymes

Definition, classification, model of action, factors affecting enzyme action, clinical importance of enzymes.

8. Vitamins

Classification, Fat-soluble vitamins A.B.E.R.K. Water soluble vitamins – B complex and vitamin-C Daily requirement physiological functions and disease of vitamins deficiency.

9. Bio-Energetics

Concept of free energy change, energetic reaction and endergenic reactions, concepts regarding energy rich compounds. Respiratory chain and biological oxidation.

10. Carbohydrate Metabolism

Glycolysis, HMP shunt pathway, TCA cycle, Glycogenesis, Glycogenelysis, Cluconogenesis Maintenance of blood glucose, introversion of different sugars.

11. Lipid Metabolism

Fatty acid oxidation, fatty acid synthesis, metabolism of cholesterol, ketonebodies, athersclerosis and obesity.

12. Protein Metabolism

Transmutation, Transomthylation, Denination, Fate of ammonia Urea synthesis and synthesis of creatnine, inborn errors of metabolism.

13. Water and Electrolytes

Fluid compartments, Daily intake and output, Dehydration, sodium and potassium metabolism.

14. Mineral MetabolismIron, Calcium, Phosphorous, trace elements.15. Nutrition

Nutrition aspects of carbohydrate, fat and proteins. Balanced diet, Metabolism in exercise and injury, Diet for chronically ill and terminally ill patients.

16. Connective Tissue

Mucopolysaccharides, connective tissue proteins, glyce proteins, chemistry and metabolism of bone and teeth Metabolism of skin.

17. Nerve Tissue Composition, Metabolism, Chemical mediators of nerve activities.18. Muscle Tissue

Structure, Metabolism of Musicales, Muscle contraction.17. Hormones

General characteristics and Mechanism of Hormone actions. Insulin, Clucogen, Thyroid and parathyroid hormones, cortical and sex homones.

18. IsotopesIsotopes and their role in diagnosis and treatment of diseases.


(Demonstration Only)


Haemoglobinometer and total RBC count-Total WBC count.

Preparation and staining of blood smears- Determination of differential WBC Count.

Blood grouping – E.S.R. – Bleeding and clotting time – Blood Pressure, Artificial respiration.

Pulmonary function test

Heart Sound Arterial Blood pressure – Cardiac efficiency test, Recording and study of ECG.

Testing of Peripheral sensations.

Superficial and deep reflexes.

Tests for cerebral and cerebella functions.

Varieties of stimuli – Electrical apparatus for physiological experiments.

Frog nerve muscle preparation and demonstration of simple muscle which and effect of cold and hot temperature and fatigue of muscular contractions.

Frog’s normal ECG –

Effects following normal Cardiogram of frog- Temperature, extra systole, stimulation of vago – sympathetic trunk, stannuis ligature, radial pulse tracing, basal metabolic rate, work physiology.

BIOCHEMISTRY1. Preparation of solution of different strengths (Normal and Molar)

2. Identification of carbohydrate, lipids and proteins in biological fluids.

3. Preparation of protein free filtrate.

4. Test for constituents of milk.

5. Test for constituents of normal urine.

  1. Test detection of pathological constituents in urine.

  2. Demonstration of the estimations of blood, sugar, serum, urea, creatirine, cholesterol and calcium.

  3. Demonstration of the functioning of photoelectric colorimeter, spectrophotometer flame photometer. Electrophoresis and chromatography equipments and spectroscopy.

Book Reference

Human Physiology1. Human Physiology – Dr. Chandi Ch. Chatterjee

2. Samsan Write’s – Applied Physiology Hand Book.

3. Best & Taylor’s physiological basis of Medical Practice – C.H. Best et alBIO-CHEMISTRY

1. Comprehensive Biochemistry – Michael Yudikin

2. Biochemistry – S.K. Dasgupta

3. Text book of Biochemistry – S. Ramkrishnan



Theory: 60 hrs

PATHOLOGY & BACTERIOLOGY1. Aims and objectives of study of pathology. Meaning of terms, etiology, pathogenesis and lesions.

2. Various causes of disease and an approach to laboratory studies and diagnosis of diseases and clinical pathology.

3. Brief and diagnosis of diseases and clinical pathology.

4. Inflammation: Definition, vascular and cellular, phenomenon, tissue changes exudates and pusformation. Difference between acute and chronic inflammation.

5. Repair

6. Circulatory disturbances with emphasis on ischemia, thrombosis, embolism, infraction.

7. General approach to bacterial and mycotic viral infections, emphasis on tuberculosis, syphilis, leprosy, fungal infections and parastic infections.

8. General approach to immunity and hypersensitivity.

9. Neoplasia, begins and malignant, spread of tumours.

10. Diseases of nervous system, joint, bones and muscles.

11. Brief out line of blood disorders.

  1. Deficiency diseases, pigments and pigmentations.

  2. Physical irritants and chemical poisons, ionizing radiations.

  3. Regional pathology of heart, blood vessels, nervous system, bones, joints, the muscles etc.

PHARMACOLOGY section (b) (35)1. General action of drugs.

2. Drug allergy and idosyneracy.

3. Drug toxicity.

4. Metabolc form of drug.

5. Method of administration.

6. Chemical character of drugs.

7. Drugs acting on central nervous system – Anaesthetics, alcohols, alkaloids, Narcotics, antipyretics, sedatives, stimulants and psychoterapaeutics.

8. Drugs acting on peripheral nervous system – stimulating and / or inhibiting cholenergic and adregenic activity.

9. Drugs acting on nervour muscular junction and muscles.

10. Drugs acting on cardiovascular system.

11. Drugs acting on respiratory system.

12. Chemotherapaeutic agents.

13. Harmones and rugs affecting endocrine functions,

14. Vitamins.

15. Motabolic and other inorganic compounds.

16. Immunologic agents.

17. Diagnostic agents.Book References

Pathology & Bacteriology1. Pathology - Anderson

2. Aids to pathology - Dixson

3. Boy’s textbooks of pathology

4. Text Book of Pathology - N.C. Dey


1. Pharmacology - Sataskar

2. Clinical Pharmacology - Lawrence

3. Text Book of Pharmacology - B.N. Ghose



A. General PsychologyA sound knowledge of psychology is essential to help to student to understand him or herself and other people, and how to develop interpersonal relationship. This knowledge would then be applied in working with any patient and as a member of the treatment team.

This subject will form the basis for later study of psychiatry.

1. i) Nature of psychology – Behaviour and Experiences: Conscious, Sub-Conscious and Unconscious mind;

ii) Fields of psychology: Introspective and Experimental method.

2. Heredity & Environment – Physical, Psychological and social.

3. Motivation – Kinds of Motives – Physiological, Psychological, Interests and attitudes.

4. Emotion: James – Lange theory of Emotion; Medongall’s theory of Emotion, Emotion and feeling; Physical basis and changes, control of Emotions.

5. Conflict and frustration: Common defensive mechanisms (about 10 important ones).

6. Learning – Role of Learning in Human life: Types of Learning

a) Thropdike Trial and Error Learning.

b) Associative (conditioning), Learning, Transfer of Learning, Learning by insight.

7. Memory: types of Memory – Recall, Recongition and Rote memory, causes of forugetting, reproductive, inhibition, treactive inhibition, thinking, concept formation creative thinking.

8. Attention and perception – Nature of attention, Factory determining attention: Nature of perception, principles of perceptual grouping, illusions.

  1. Intelligence: Definition, intelligence tests – their uses: intelligence quotient (I.Q.) with special reference to orthopaedically handicapped.
  2. Personality – Definition: Types, measurement of personality –Interview, Questionnaire Rating, Performance, Projective methods, Factors contributing towards development of personalities.

B. Social Psychology1. Nature and scope of social psychology.

      1. Social interaction- primary and social stimulation.
      2. Psychology groups and their classification.
      3. Socialization of the individual.
      4. Morals, customs, fashions, propoganda – its technique.
      5. Leadership – Functions, Rol,e and Qualities.
      6. Attitudes and prejudices.
      7. Crowds and Public opinion.
      8. Social changes and progress.

Book Reference1. Introduction to Psychology -N.L. Munn

2. Psychological Testing - A. Anastasi

3. Abnormal Psychology & Modern Life -J.C. Coleman

4. Social Psychology-A Practical manuar -BrakewellPAPER-V


THEORYI. a) History and development of Occupational Therapy

b) Definition and scope of Occupational Therapy

II. Occupational Therapy as a link in total rehabilitation.

III. Exercise as a basis of Occupational Therapy

i) Classification on exercises.

ii) Clinical patho-physiology of Muscle exercises.

iii) Muscle strength-total Elasticity and co-ordination Physiology, Pathology and development of muscle strength and co-ordination, physiology and pathology and elasticity.

iv) Measurements: the Motor chain requirement of muscle testing measurement of muscle strength, Muscle Elasticity and Co-ordination. Recording Measurements.

v) Exercise Techniques: Strength Building Exercises, Elasticity development exercises and co-ordination exercises.

vi) Specific exercise therapy: General consideration, progression of free exercises, and progression of resisted exercises.

vii) Progressive Exercises: Head and neck exercises. Trunk exercises. Breathing exercises, Pelvic floor.



THEORYI. a) History and development of Occupational Therapy

b) Definition and scope of Occupational Therapy.

II. Occupational Therapy as a link in total rehabilitation.

III. Exercise as a basis of Occupational Therapy

      1. Classification on exercises.
      2. Clinical patho-physiology of Muscle exercises.
      3. Muscle strength-total Elasticity and co-ordination, Physiology, Pathology and development of muscle strength and co-ordination, physiology and pathology and elasticity.
      4. Measurements: the motor chain requirement of muscle testing measurement of muscle strength, Mascle Elasticity and Co-ordination. Recording Measurements.
      5. Exercise Techniques: Strength Building Exercises, Elasticity development exercises and co-ordination exercises.
      6. Specific exercise therapy: General consideration, Progression of free exercises, progression of resisted exercises.
      7. Progressive Exercises: Head and neck exercises. Trunk exercises, Breathing exercises, pelvic floor exercises, shoulder girdle exercises, combined shoulder joint and shoulder girdle exercises. Elbow exercises, knee exercises, and Ankle and foot exercises.
      8. General exercise therapy: Exercise to music and circuit training, recreational therapy in the treatment of mentally handicapped. Music and movement programmes. Music and movements in the treatment of mentally ill.
      9. The exercise prescription: Body region to be exercised, Exact type and form of exercises and prescription of dosage.

IV) Activities as a basis of Occupational Therapy

a) Therapeutic Activities – Definition, Classification, Characteristics and scope.b) Board classification.

      1. Activities of daily living –definition, classification, characteristics and scope.
      2. Physically and intellectually remedial activities – strengthening, joint range improvement, co-ordination, educational, memory training, perceptual motor training etc.
      3. Prevocational and vocational activities.

V. Therapeutic Mediai) Purposeful activities.

ii) Crafts and games and adaptations thereof.

iii) Recreation (a) Group, (b) Individual

iv) Progressive Resistive Exercises.

VI. Human Development process, Posture and movements.

a) Growth, Development and Maturation.

b) Reflex and Reactions Maturation.

VII. Proprioceptive Neuro-muscular facilitation – Basic principles.

VIII. Hand Evaluation and functional testing.

IX. Hand SplintingPracticals

a) Practical demonstration of Assessment and Recording of muscle testing.

b) Practical demonstration of measurement and recording of joint measurements (Arthromety).

c) Practical demonstration measurement of co-ordination.

d) Practical demonstration of hand evaluation and functional testing.

e) Practical demonstration of activities of daily living testing.

f) Practical demonstration of different activities leading to strength building, elasticity developing co-ordination improvement.

g) Hand splinting.Book References

1. Occupational Therapy - Scot

2. Occupational Therapy towards

Health through activities - Simme, Cynkin

3. Occupational Therapy by work related

programmes & assessments - Keren Jacdes

4. Occupational - Wilard & Spakeman

5. Functional assessments in Rehabilitation - HalpanPAPER-VI


MATHEMATICSGeneral Algebra: Logarithms: Use of Logarithmic tables.

Representations of data of Graphs – linear and semi-log graphical solution of quatrosis, computation of length, volume, centre of gravity and moment of inertia.

Vector Algebra: Introduction to vectors, Paralleogram law of additional vectors.

Rates of change, differentials, percentage error, relative error.

Trigonometrical ratios, trigonometrical formulae, heights, distance, graphical representation of trigonometrical functions – sines and co-sines.STATISTICS

Population and sampling

Collection and presentation of data-tabular, graphical and diagrammatic


Measure of skew ness

Correlation and regression

Interpretation of results

Use of flow charts.


PART- IIThe part-II Examination shall consist of the following subjects (Teaching hour approximately for lectures to be celivered and practical classes to be held in each subject indicated against each subject.


Subject lectures Practical


a. Medicine including Neurology 75 50

b. Surgeryincluding Orthopaedics 75 50

c. Biomechanics & Kinesiology 100 30

d. Occupational Therapy in Medical 80 120

Condition Part-I

e. Occupational Therapy in Syrgical 80 120

Condtion Part-I

f. Applied Psychology including psychiatry 100 50

2. The full-marks for each subject and the minimum marks required for passing the shall be as follows.

Subject Written int.asst. M.M Practical int.asst. M.M Total (W.+As) (P+As) Marks

a. Medicine 75 25 50 50 - 25 150



b. Surgeryincl 75 25 50 50 - 25 150



c. Biomechanics & 75 25 50 - - - 100


d. Occupational 75 25 50 75 25 50 200

Therapy in Medical Condition Part-I

e. Occupational 75 25 50 75 25 50 200

Therapy in


Condtion Part-I

f. Applied 75 25 50 - - - 100





Section A. G. Medicine- 40 Theory : 75

Dermatocogm Clinicals : 50 Hrs



Section. B. Neurology + Psuclvitry 35

Under this the students should be taught various medical conditions and disease on the following heatings: -

I. Definition Definition

II. Etiology

III. Signs & Symptoms

IV. Pathology

V. Investigations

Vi. Differential Diagnosis

VII. Management.General Medicine

1. Introduction to general medicine- infection & diseases

2. Poisons and venoms

3. Chemical & Physical agents causing disease.

4. Disease of metabolim.

5. Deficiency disease.

6. Diseases of endocrine glands

7. Diseses of Digestive system.

8. Disceases of Lymphatic system.

9. Disease of Blood.

10. Disease of cardiovascular system-Circulatory, heart diseasem congenital heart diseases, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease embolism and thrombosis, Hypertension.

11. Disease of Respiratory system: disease of lungs, Bronchitis, Bronchial asthama, Bronchectasis, Pulmonary, Embolism, pulmonary tuberculosis, lungs abscess and emphysema etc. pleuracy and empyema.12. Diseases of Kidney

13. Dermatoid arthritis.

II. DermatologyDisesa of skin, psoriasis, Acne Vulagaris, Leprorosy, Skin and venereal, diseases (Syphilitic, Arthritis) Sceleroderma, Dermatitis, Tropical skin disease.III. Paediatrics & Geriatrics

Special problems of children and elderly related to special condition to which are prone.IV. Nurology

1. General principle of neurological diagnosis.

2. Vascular disorders of the brain.

3. Space occupying lesions within the skull, Tumor, haemotomas and abscess.

4. Acute infection of nervons system- incephalis, Meningitis, Polimyelitis, Polyneurtis, Neuritis and Neuralgia.

5. Common affections of peripheral, spinal and cranial nerves.

6. Injuries of brain and spinal cord.

7. Disc. Lesion and low back pain.

8. Cerebral Palsy, Hydrocephalus, Spinabifida, Myopathise

9. Degenerative neurological conditions: Syringomyeilia, parkinson’s disease,

sub-acute combined degenerosis.

10. Tebes dorsalis.

11. Multiple scelerosis, transverse myelitis.

12. pyramidal and extra pyramidal lesions.

13. Perphereral neuropathy and periphenal nerve injurise

14. Epilepsy petitmal and grandmal.V. Psychiatry

1, Brief Hisory.

2. Causes of mental disturbances- Hereditary and embryonic developmental factors, Birth injuries, cerebral diseases of accidents.

3. Preventive measures.

4. Symptoms of mental illness: Disturbances of consciousness, reasoning and judgment, disturbance of memory, though perception, volition, motor behaviors speech.

5. Methods of treatment – Psychotherapy, Drug therapy, E.C.T. etc.6. Clinical syndromes.

Psychoneurosis – Anxiety and depressive state, obsess ional state hysteria and phobia.

Psychosis . Mania, involutional depression schizophrenia and paranoid state.

Psychiatric disturbance associated with organic illness. Toxemia, anoximia, metabolic disorders and cerebrovascular disorders, dementias and head injuries, drug induced psychosis and menopausal syndrome.

Drug addiction and alcoholism.

Personality disorders.


Mental retardation

Psychiatric syndrome.

Psychometric disorders of Children.

Post traumatic stress disorder.

Book Reference

1. Medicine & Meurology Danidson

2. Golewala – Medicine

3. Davidson’s principle & Practice of Medicine- Churchil living stone

4. Brain’s Meurology

5. Rehabilitation in psychiatry and introductory Hand Book Hume.



Practical : 50 Hrs.I. General Surgery.

1. Description of events frequently accompanying in general anaesthesia, blood trasfussion and physiological respinse of the body to surgery.

2. Common pre and post operative complications.

3. Wounds, Sinuses and Ulcers.

4. Burns: Degrees of burns and, management and reconstructive surgery following burns and complications of Burns.

5. Abdominal surgery : Incisions, complications and managements of various abdominals surgery.II. Cardiothoracic Surgery

Incisions for cardiothoracic surgery General pre and post operative management of cardiothoracic surgery- various surgical procedure for various chest and cardiac condition/ diseases.III. OBS. And GYN.

Preganacy – stage of praganacy- Labour – Stages of Labour- Deliver. Common gynecological problems.IV. Plastic Surgery

Principale of cineplasty tendon tranplant, cosmetic surgery, types of grafts, surgery of hand with emphasis on management of traumatic and leprosy.V. Orthopaedics including Traumatology & Rheumatology

1. Fractures and Dislocations including soft tissue injuries.

Pathology of fractures and tepairs of bones.

Reasons for union, non- union and delayed union, fibrous union, excess callus and myositis.

Common fractures of upper extremity. Lower extremity include spine – management, Complications etc. Dislocation of Shoulder, Elbow, HIP. Knee and Spine. Rupture, Contusion and sprain of muscles, tendons, and ligaments.

Knee injuries – Injury to medial ligament , Internal derangement and meniscus tear.

Lateral ligament strain of ankle.

Volkman’s Ischemic contracture.

Tennis Elbow.2. Deformities

Common congenital and acquired deformities of foot, knee, hip, shoulder, elbow and wrist incliding hand and spine Cervical rib tortocollis, metatrasagia, claw hand. 3.Inflammatory conditions and lesions of joints and bones. tubercular osteomylitis, pyogenic infections. Osteoarthristis, Rheumatoid arthristis, T.B. joints, Teno-synovitis, synosities, casulities, tendinitis, ostawporosis and osteomalacia sciatica, low back pain brachial neuralgia.

4. Operative procedures Amputation : Common sites, causes and manasgement . Arthoplastry of joints, jojint replacement (total and partial), osteotomy.

Menisectomy, Laminectomy Tendon Transfers and rapairs, spinal fusion

  1. Neurosurgery

    Surgery, pre and post-operative management of peripheral nerve lesions. Head injury, Craniotomy,

    Steriotaxic surgery, Laminectomy, Brain tumors.

  2. E.N.T.

Sinusitis, Rhinitis,

Otitis media functional Book References

  1. Crawfprd Adam’s Orthopaedics

  2. Crawford Adam’s Fractures

  3. Severe accidental Had injury-Robberts

  4. Surgery by Nan

  5. Baily & Love – Short practice of surgery by Rains & Retelife.



NO SECTION --------mm 75Theory: 100 Hrs.

Practical 30 Hrs.

  1. Definition of kinesiology and Bio Mechanics.
  2. General Principles
  3. Force, Axis and planes, centre of gravity, levers, classification of force system.
  4. The linear force system, resultant force, equilibrium.
  5. Development of kinesiology.
  6. Definition of kinetics and koinematics.
  7. Origin of human movement and its significance.
  8. Forms of human movements, their characteristics and factors affecting them.
  9. Analysis of movement.
  10. Body links and motion parts.
  11. Cjainm systems.
  12. Bio-Mechanics of spine.
  13. Bio-Mechanics of lower extremity
  14. Bio-Mechanics of upper extremity.
  15. Locomotion.
  16. Gait analysis-gait deviations.
  17. Bi—Mechanics of squatting.

Book References

  1. Normal Human Locomotion – Published by ALICO
  2. Applied Kinesiology and Biomechanics.




    PAPER – IV


    Theory: 30 Hrs.

    Practical: 120 hrs.

    Theory1. Introduction: Brief review of medical conditions and treatment and role of occupational therapy in the rehabilitation of paring with various diseases.

    2.Therapeutic activities and techniques in Occupational Therapy.

  3. Methods of evaluation in Occupational Therapy.
  4. Aims and principles of Occupational Therapy.
  5. Developmental aspects of childhood.
    1. Physical, emotional intellectual and social development of the child.
    2. Guide for developmental testing
    3. Average developmental achievement.
    1. From birth to 5 years of age.
    2. From 5 – 10 years of age.
  1. Objective and functions of Occupational Therapy
  1. Rhumatoid arthritis
  2. Leprosy
  3. Cerebro- Vascular accidents.
  4. Cardiac diseases (Congenital and acquired)
  5. Geriatric conditions.
  6. Cerebral palsy, minimal cerebral dysfunction perceptomotor dysfunctions in a brain damaged child
  7. Therapeutic activities – Techniques, selection and planning.
  1. Basic manipulative and sensory appreciation activities in the normal and sick child activities through used of sand, water, clay, wax, plastic, dough, seeds etc. Through pouring, splashing. Banging etc., by investigating different feels, noises, smells etc., by discovering shapes and sizes., volumes, areas through use of different sixes and types of containers etc., through different constructive activities.
  2. The following treatments will be considered in relation to the appropriate development level and therapy prescribed for the child co-ordination, activities of daily living body image concept, muscle strengthening, joint mobility, maintenance of tome.
  3. Assessment and diagnostic functions of occupational therapy.
  4. Home care programme in severely disabled and A.D.L. in adults and children

PRACTICALS Various techniques of occupatoinal therapy for the above mentioned conditions/diseases should be demonstrated and practivced by the students. Book References

1. Occupational Therapy - Trombley & SDcot 2. Refer to Occupational Therapy - Shopland

3. Occupational Therapy work related Programmes and assessments. - Jacob

4. Occupational Therapy with Elderly - Helun PAPER – V


Theory : 30 Hrs.

Practical : 120 Hrs.


Section A1 Introduction Brief review of surgical conditions.

    1. Methods of evaluation in occupational therapy
    2. Objectives and functions of occupational therapy

Section B

  1. Hand injuries – Emphasis on rehabilitation of Han d and reconstruction.
  2. Burns – emphasis on management in respect of rehabilitation.
  3. Thoracic surgery – Pre and post operative management in respect of rehabilitation.
  4. Plastic Surgery – Basic principles and applications.
  5. Supportive and corrective appliance in the rehabilitan
  6. Adoptive devices in the rehabilitations of surgical cases.
  7. Activities of daily living testing and training in A.D.L.

PRACTICALS Various techniques of occupational therapy for above mentioned conditions/ diseases should be demonstrated and practiced by students Book References

1. Occupational Therapy - Scot

2. Occupational Therapy - Pedrotti

3. Occupational Therapy - Willand & Spakemen

4. Rehabilitation Medicine - RUSK






Theory: 100 Hrs.

Practical: 50 Hrs.


A. Developmental (Child) Psychology

  1. Factors influencing development: Developmental periods - Prenatal Infancy, Babyhood, Childhood, Adolescence; Physical and Motor development; Development of Speech; Emotional and motor Development; Moral Development; Emotional and Social Development, Child’s family relationship; Play ...........
  2. Problems in Emotional development – Nail biting. Lonly behavior, bed wetting, thumb sucking, Aggressive and harmful behavior; relationship of child – parent- Teacher.

B. Industrial Psychology

  1. Efficiency in production: work – Curve, Factors affecting the work curve; Moral and rewards; way of measuring the effectiveness of psychosocial rewards.
  2. Industrial and Highway Accidents : Causes of Accidents – Personal and Environmental ; Accident Prevention.

C. Experimental Psychology

  1. Quantitative methods in Psycho Physios; Methods for measuring the Absolute threshold and for measuring Differential threshold; the method of Average Error.
  2. Analysis of judgments: Expression of judgment verbal reports and inference from non-verbal behavior; Stimulus scales and scales; General Principles of judgments Reliability and validity of judgments
  3. Transfer of learning; Types of transfer: Experimental Analysis of transfer, specificity of transfer; cross education (Bilateral transfer)

D. Mental Health and Therapy

  1. Concept of Mental Health, Guidance and learning, parental attitudes affecting guidance – over protection, Rejection, some behavior problems jealousy and sex – problems; Sex education.
  2. Treatment of mal-adjustments – Directive and Non- directive therapy, Group Psychotherapy and vocational guidance, Types of Physically handicapped children. Physically handicapped child in a mentally crippled child.

E. Rehabilitation Psychology Purpose of studying: Interpersonal Relationships, familial and social relationships, acceptance about the disability – its outcome in relation to different diagnostic categories; Psychological aspects of multiple handicapped; contribution of psychology in Total Rehabilitation PRACTICAL

(List of Experiments) I). Learning

a). Serial position effects under massed and distributed practice.

b). Speed of Learning for different amounts of material

C). A study of Learning vision- motor co-ordination (Mirror- Drawing)

d). A study of Habit Formation and Reversal (Card Sorting )

e). Relation of speed and Accuracy.

f). Study of the process of committing to memory non sense material (See –Saw Figures) II). Psycho-Physics

a). Measuring the differential threshold (Lifted weight)

b). Mapping Coetaneous sense spots.

c). Determining Spatial threshold or Aesthesiometric Index on the back of hand by the method of limits.

III). Attention and Other Fields a). Influence of set on Attention

b). Span of Attention

c). Muscular work (Ergo graph)

d). Measuring Steadiness. IV). Intelligence And Personality

a). Measuring Intelligence by Koh’s Block Test.

b). Pass- Along test.

c). Performance test-Curve Construction test.

d). Knox Test Form- Board.

e). Personality test – Introvert – Estrovert.

f). Significance of Social Attitudes (Chi. Square techniques).

V). Demonstration of different categories of disabilities with psychological problems and their management.

Book References

1. Experimental Psychology - Underwood

2. Experimental Psychology ` Woodworth

3. Psychological Testing - Anastasts

4. Psychology and Life - F.L. Ruch Tamporavola

5. Abnormal Psychology and modern life - Coleman. J.

6. Readings in Social Psychology - Hartley & New Cany

7. Industrial Psychology - Blum. Naylor Hamper & Row

8. Personal and Industrial Psychology - Griselli & Brown

9. Psychology of Handicap - Rosemery Shakespear

10. Total Rehabilitation - Wright

11. Basic Rehabilitation - Sine et. al.


1. The part – III Examination shall consist of the following subjects (Teaching hour approximately for lectures to be delivered and practical classes to be held in each subject indicated against each subject:






Occupational Therapy in Medical condition Part – II




Occupational Therapy in Medical condition Part – II




Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation including Prosthetics & Orthotics ADL




Occupational Therapy Clinics




2. The full marks for each subject and the minimum marks required for passing the part III Examination shall be as follows:




Int. Asst.

Min. Marks (Wriint. Asst.


Int. Asst.

Min. Marks. (Prac.+Inrt. Asst.

Total Marks


Occupational Therapy in Medical condition Part – II









Occupational Therapy in Medical condition Part – II









Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation including Prosthetics & Orthnotics ADL













Theory: 80 Hrs.

Practical: 140 Hrs.

Theory Introduction: Brief Review of Medical conditions & treatment.

I. Neurology: Objective & function of occupational therapy.

  1. Acute infections of nervous system – Encephalitis, meningitis, transverse myelitis neuro- syphilis.
  2. Cerebral palsy, Hydrocephalus.
  3. Poliomyelitis.
  4. Cerebro vascular accidents.
  5. Epilepsy.
  6. Common affections of peripheral, spinal and cranial nerves, Myopathy.
  7. Lesion of Pyramidal, extra pyramidal, cerebella systems.
  8. Motor neuron diseases.
  9. Degenerative Neurological conditions, parkingsonism, syringomyelia etc.
  10. Multiple selerosis.

II. Psychiatry

  1. Introduction & Brief review.
  2. Aims & Principle of occupational Therapy. Psychiatry.
  3. Types & Functions of occupational Therapy.
    1. Dynamic therapy 9a) Symptomatic (b) Insight
    2. Supportive therapy
    3. Milieu Therapy.
  4. Group Therapy
  5. Arts & Activity therapy.
  6. Recreational Therapy.
  7. Attitude Therapy.
  8. Industrial Therapy.
  9. Music Therapy.

III. Methods of Evaluation

IV. Occupational Therapy in the following conditions:

  1. Schizophranias
  2. Paranoia
  3. Depressive Psychosis
  4. Innovational Melancholia
  5. Senile Dementia
  6. Senile Dementia
  7. Ancephalitis lethargic
  8. Epilepsy
  9. Mental detriences
  10. Hysteria
  11. Obsessive compulsive Reaction
  12. Anxiety
  13. Behavior disorders due to brain damage.

V. Occupational Therapy as an adjunct to

    1. Chemo therapy
    2. Insulin Therapy
    3. E.C.T.
    4. Psycho therapy

PRACTICALS Various techniques of occupational therapy for the above mentioned conditions/ diseases should be demonstrated and practiced by students. Book References

1. Occupational Therapy - Trombley & Scot

2. Refer to Occupational Therapy - Shopland

3. Occupational Therapy work selected - Jacob

Programme & assessment

4. Text work book in Psychiatric Occupational Therapy – Denton

5. Movement Therapy - Brunnston

6. Occupational Therapy - Willar & Spakman









Practical: 140 Hrs. Theory

I.Introduction: Brief Review of Orthopedic conditions.

II. Methods of Evaluation in occupational therapy

III. Analysis of therapeutic activities in terms of

a). Posture

b). Muscle action

c). Irom

IV. Occupational Therapy techniques as remedial measures.

V. Objective and functions of occupational therapy in

  1. Fractures, dislocations and soft tissues injuries – upper extremity, lower extremity and spine.
  2. Deformities – Congenital and acquired deformities of upper exrtremity, lower extremity and spine.
  3. Inflammatory conditions of joints and Bones.
  4. Amputations – Pre & Post operative occupational therapy.
  5. Degenerative conditions.
  6. Supportive and corrective appliances in the rehabilitations of orthopedic cases
  7. Adapted Devices in the rehabilitation of orthopedic cases
  8. Activities of bally living, resting and eaining in A.D.L.

VI. Objectives and functions of occupational Therapy in Neurosurgery following head injury:

  1. Supportive and corrective appliances with respect to rehabilitation.
  2. Adapted Devices with respect to rehabilitation.
  3. Activities of daily living and training in A.D.L.

PRACTICALS Various techniques of occupational therapy for the above mentioned condition / diseases should be demonstrated and practiced by the students. Book References

1. Occupational Therapy - Trombley & Scot

Refer to Occupational - Shopland

2. Occupational Therapy work related Jacob

Programme & Assessments - Jacob

3. Occupational Therapy - Pedretti















Practical: 140 H rs


  1. Introduction
  2. Definition concerned in the phases of disability process.
  3. Definition concerned with causes of impairment, functional limitationi, and disability.
  4. Rehabilitation and disability prevention.
  5. Present rehabilitation services.
  6. Reservation & Legislation for rehabilitation services for the disabled.
  7. Community and Rehabilitation.
  8. Basic principles of Administration, Budget, approach, personnel and space etc.
  9. Contribution of social worker towards rehabilitation
  10. Vocational evaluation and goals for disabled.
  11. Rural rehabilitation incorporated with Primary Health Cenrtres.
  12. Principal of Communication: Impairment

    i). Speech Production.

    ii). Communication disorders secondary to Brain Damage.

    iii). Aphasia and its treatment.

    iv). Evaluating language.

    v). Non-aphasic language disorders.

    Vi) Dysarthria and its treatments

  13. Code and Conduct.
  14. Ethics and Management.

    i). Principles in management of Social Problems.

    a). Social needs of the patient.

    b). Rehabilitation Centre Environment.

    c). The Social worker as a member of the Rehabilitation Team.

    d). Community resources.

    ii). Principles in Management of vocational problems.

    a). Vocational Evaluation.

    b). Vocational Goals for the severely disabled.

    ‘Section ‘A’

  15. Prosthetics & Orthotics

i). Definition & Basic Principles.

ii). Designing and construction of upper and lower extremity orthosis and spinal orthosis.

iii). Upper extremity and lower extremity prosthesis prescription, fitting and checking.

iv). Prescription and design of footwear & modifications.

v). Wheel Chairs.

vi). Design and construction of adoptive devices.

Book References

    1. Rehabilitation - Evans
    2. Directory for disabled people -
    3. Improving residential life for disabled people - Tully
    4. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation - Okawata
    5. Community diagnosis and health action - Bennetch
    6. Hand book of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation - Rusk

Syllabus for Bachelor of Occupational TherapyPart – IV

1. The part – IV Examination shall consist of the following subjects (teaching hour approximately for lectures to be delivered and practical classes to be held in each subject indicated against each subject).






Community Medicine




Rehabilitation Medicine




Alternative Medicine




Physical Diagnosis




Ethics & management Study




Seminars & Discussions




Clinical – Clinical Postings




  1. The full marks for each subject and the minimum marks required for passing the same shall be as follows: -




Int. Asst.

Min. Marks (Wriint. Asst.


Int. Asst.

Min. Marks. (Prac.+Inrt. Asst.

Total Marks


Community Medicine

















Alternative Medicine









Physical Diagnosis









Ethics and management studies









Seminars & Discussions










50 (Based on regular attendance and clinical performance)



COURSE DESCRIPTIONThis course will enable students to understand the effects of the environment and the community dynamics on the health of the individual.

Course Objectives

This objective of this course is that after 50 hours of lectures, demonstrations, and clinics, the student will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the influence of social and environmental factors on the health of the individual and society.

      1. Outline the natural history of diseases and the influence of social, economic and cultural aspects of health on diseases.
      2. Outline the various measures of prevention and methods of intervention-especially for diseases with disability.
      3. Outline the national health care delivery system and the public health administration system in the central and state level.
      4. Outline selected national health programmes.
      5. Define occupational health and list methods of prevention of occupational diseases and hazards.
      6. Outline the Employees State Insurance Scheme and its various benefits.
      7. Describe the social security measures for protection from occupations hazards, accidents, diseases and the workman’s compensation etc.
      8. Outline the objectives and strategies of the National Family Welfare Programme.
      9. Define community based and institution based rehabilitation. Describe the advantage and disadvantages of institution and community-based rehabilitation.
      10. Describe the following communicable diseases with reference to reservoir, mode of transmission, route of entrry and levels of prevention

        a. Poliomyelitis,

        b. Meningitis,

        c. Encephalitis,

        d. Tuberculosos,

        e. Filariasis.

        f. Leprosy,

        g. Tetanus and

        h. Measles.

      11. Describe the Epidemiology of Rheumatic heart disease, cancer, chronic degenerative disease and cerebrovascular accidents.
      12. Outline the influence of nutritional factors such as protien Energy malnutrition, Anaemia, Vitamin deficiency and minerals on disability.
      13. List the principles of health education, methods of communication and role of health education in rehabilitation services.
      14. Define the role of community leaders and health professionals in health education.
      15. Outline the role of international health agencies in rehabilitation of the disabled.


COURSE DESCRIPTIONFollowing the basic science and clinical science courses, this course will enable the students to understand their role in the management of the disability within the rehabilitation team. COURSE OBJECTIVES

The objectives of this course is that after 100 hours of lectures and instructions, in addition to clinics, the student will be able to demonstrate an understanding of-

A. The concept of team approach in rehabilitation will be discussed and implemented, through practical demonstration with contributions from all members of the team.

B. Observation and identification of diagnostic features in Physical conditions will be practiced through clinical demonstration

C. Medical and sugical aspects of disabling conditions will be explained in relation to rehabilitation.

D. Identification of residual potentials in pateints with partial or total disability (temporary or permanent)

E. Formulation of appropriate goals (long & short term) in treatment & rehabilitation will be discussed. COURSE OUTLINE;

A. Introduction; Define the term rehabilitation. Explain its aims and principles. Scope of rehabilitation.

Discuss teamwork involved in rehabilitation, explaining briefly the role of each team member. B. Evaluation of Physical Dysfunction & Rehabilitation

Demonstrate methods of evaluation for physical dysfunction and management of disabilities with particuilar4 reference to : Spinal cord injury (paraplegia and tetraplegia), poliomyelitis, Brain injury, (including stroke and cerebralpalsy) Arthritic conditionsm, Muscular Dystrophy, Hansen’s disease, peripheral nerve lesions, fracture disease and chronic cardio-respiratory dysfunction.

C. Outline of Occupational Therapy.

D. Outline of Speech Therapy and Hearing Aids.

E. Outline of social and vocational counseling.

F. Preiciple of Bio-engineering and applied rehabilitation.

G. Rehabilitation of the soulder.

H. Rehabilitation of the Elbow.

I. Rehabilitation of the Wrist & hand

J. Rehabilitation of the Hip

K. Rehabilitation of the Knee

L. Rehabilitation of the ankle

M. Rehabilitation of the spineALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

The objective of the course is to make the student or the occupational therapist to get aware with the various branches of the alternative medicines, which he/she may use, for efficiently rehabilitating the individual.

The syllabus includes – 1. Yoga Therapy

General Conceopts concerned with Yoga and its related application with Occupational Therapy.

2. Naturopathy – Definition History – Principles – Concepts, Effect or Naturopathy.

3. Holistic Approaches

    1. Pranic healing – Definition concepts, principle effects and uses , therapeutic effects.
    2. Rheki Therapy – Definition concepts, principle effects and users, therapeutic effects.

      4. Acupressure & Acupuncture Therapy - - Definition concepts, principle effects and uses, therapeutic effects, Techniques of application.

      5. Other allied therapies related to alternative medicines. PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS

      This course serves to integrate the knowledge gained by the student in basic and clinical medical science with the skills gained by Basic Occupational Subjects thus enabling them to apply these in Evaluation of functions and measurements in General and in Cli8nical situations of dysfunctions of different system. COURSE OBJECTIVE

      The objective of this course is that after 150 hours of leacures, Demonstrations, Practical and clinics, the student willbe able to acquire concept of Evaluation of functions and measurement in general and in disorders of different systems. Thus physcial abnormality can be identified and measured by the students to faciliate Occupational Therapy management programme. THEORY

      1. Introduction
      2. General Consideration
      3. Physical Diagnosis fof cardio respiratory system.
      4. Physical Diagnosis of Nervous system.
      5. Physical Diagnosis of Musculo skeletal system.
      6. Physical Diagnosis of disability.
      7. Functional Evaluation.
      8. Occupational Evaluation.


COURSE DESCRIPTION After 50 hours of lecture, students should be able to understand the ethical principles of physiotherapy profession. To be able to understand principles of management in personal management, time management and administration including budgeting.

A. Professional Ethics and legal issues.

  1. The implications of and confirmation to the rules of profissional conduct.
  2. Legal responsibility for their actions in the professional contex and understanding liability and obligations in case of medico-legal action.
  3. A wider knowledge of ethics relating to current social and medical policy in the provision of health care.
  4. National, and international professional bodies: as a professional association and education body- Difference between scientific association (Professional body) and satutory body.
  5. The role of international health agencies such as WHO and WCPT.

B. Management studies for Occupational Therapy

  1. Definition – Branches of management – Principles health sector management.
  2. General principles of management - Theories management.
  3. Personnel management – Policies and procedure Basic concepts and theories.
  4. Financial issues including budget and income generatioin.
  5. Principles of an organisational chart.
  6. Organisation of a department – Planning, space manpower materials, basic requirements.
  7. Resource and quality management – Planning with change and coping with change.
  8. Self Management –
    1. Preparing for Ist Job
    2. Time Management
    3. Career development.


Students will be made to preset seminars on various topics as given by the concerned lecturers throughout the year on the basis of their performance, the students will be evaluated out of 50 marks which will be considered for their final examination as gross internal assessment. CLINICALS (Clinical Postings )

Compulaory rotatory clinical postings will be alloted in the various departments of the hospital on daily basis and based on attendance the internal assessment will be evaluated.



This will be full time teaches

  1. Principal of Professor – Master Degree in Occupational therapy or Physiotherapy or M.Sc., Occupational / Physiotherapy with 5 years experience. Or Senior Occupational therapist with equivalent BOT degree and experience of at least 20 years.
  2. The teacher and student ratio will be 1:10 and minimum 5 to 7 teachers for intake of 25 students and 8 to 10 teachers for 69 students. Preferably full time; Otherwise 50% part time/contractual.
  3. The teaching staff will consist of Asst. Professor – preferably with master’s Degree in Occupational Therapy or B.O.T. With 5 years experience and Tutor in Occupational Therapy with B.O.T. Degree. Ratio between Asst. Professor and Tutor will be 4:6.
  4. One Lecturer / Asst. Professor with M.D. or M.S. Degree in each Medical Subject time as per MCD need emendations.
  5. The teachers in allied subjects like Biostatics etc can be part time or visiting.


A. Building Facilities: There must be adequate arrangement for the class roooms for all the batches with good ventilationi and lighting. There must be sufficient space in the classrooms, so that there is no over crowding. Each student must have a space of s2.5’ x 2. 5 for his seat i.e. to accomodate 50 students the size of the classroom should not be less than 1500 – 2000 sq. ft.







Anatomy & Physiology Museum

20’ x 40’



Demonstrator room for Manipulative & massage Therapy

20’ x 20’



Exercise Therapy room

60’ x 20’



Electrotherapy room with cubicles

60’ x 20’



Walking School for gait training

40’ x 20’



Dept. of Prosthetics & Orthotics

40’ x 20’



Multi therapy Rehabilitation Centre

40’ x 20’



    1. Physiology (Experimental Physiology & Heamatology
    2. Anatomy (Museum martury and desecion Hall
    3. Pathology (Microbiology and Pathology Practical)
    4. Fully Equiped Occupational therapy department (as per list given)
    5. Pharmacolog & Biochemistry (Practical)

HOSPITAL FACILITIES: The applicant institue should have

A. The Hospital run by the proposer institute as per paramedical council rules regulate



  1. The course of Bachelor of Occupational Therapy is of four and a half years duration including 6 months of compulsory internship.
  2. On successful completion of the course. the candidates will be awarded the Degree of B.O.T. (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy)
  3. A candidate seeking admission to BOT course must have passed H.S.C. (10+2) or equivalent examinatioin from a Recongised Board/ University with either of the following group of subjects.
    1. The application for admission shall be made in the prescribed format of the concerned college only.
    2. The application must be supported by necessary documents regarding proof of having passed qualifying examination. Data of Birth / Domicile SC/ST/OBC category etc./ as per the requirements specified in the information Brochure of the concerned college.
    3. The college shall make public notification of the Admission notice in the leading news- papers giving all necessary details including date from which the admission forms shall be available and the closing date for issue and receipt of admission forms, minimum qualifications etc. The concerned college shall also put a notice on the Notice board of the college shall also put a notice on the Notice board of the college regarding this.
    4. The process of Admission shall be completed before the commencement of the new academic session as per paramedical common healable.
    5. The admission shall be made through merit and counseling
    6. Division of seats into various categories shall be subject to statutory provisions and the same shall be displayed on the notice board of the college where the counseling is taking place.
    7. To qualify a candidate must have at least 50% qualifying marks in general category and 40% qualifying marks for SC/ST and OBC.
    8. Explanation: Qualifying marks means the marks obtained for the purpose of preparation of merit list.
    9. Age Limit : No candidate shall be admitted to this course unless he/she has completed or will complete the age of 17 years on or before 31st July of the year of admission.
    10. Distribution of the seats shall be as per the statutory provision and the concerned college shall notify such distribution in the admission notice under intimation to the university.
    11. Reserved seat in case remaining vacant for want of suitable and qualified candidate can be filled by general category candidate from the waiting list.
    12. Students who do not join the course in time are liable to be refused admission in case of delay in joining due to any reasons. a communication must be sent to the Officer the Charge of the Institute and prior permission from him must be obtained.
    13. Students are required to attend all the lectures cracticals and test etc conducted during the academic session. A student is required to attend a minimum of 75% in Theory and 80% in practical of the scheduled classes for this purpose attendance in theory and practical classes will he counted separately.
      1. The dean of the college may condone the snortage of attendances up to 5% only on a valid ground.
      2. The students failing to fulfill the required attendance for the full period of one academy session (Theory and practical) will not be eligible to appear in annual examination in Theory & Practical.

14. All fees and privilege sill be forfeited if a student is dismissed for based conduct or any other reason or if he/she leas the course during the course of B.P.T. in that case the student will have to pay the fee for further remaining period of course

The rights are reserved with the Dean of the College to relax in charging fee for remaining period only up to 50% of the total remaining Fees.

15. The need of the institution reserves the right to remove the roil. If he/she fails to deposit college fees in time the Students will have to deposit the in every year if the stu8dendtsd fails to deposit the college fee in the scheduled time in the case the college will be entitled to charge late fee from the students @ Rs. 10/- per day

The dean of the college reserves the rights to candon the delay only on a valid ground of delay.

16. Medical Fitness: Medical fitness certificate should be furnished at the time of admission from recognized medical practitioner approved by the state council.

17. Cancellation of Admission if it is found that a candidate has succeeded in getting admission in the institution in the basis of false or incorrect information or by hiding relevant facts or if at any time after admission it is found that the admission was given to the candidate due to some mistaken or oversight the admission granted to such candidate shall be liable for cancellation forthwith w23ithout any notice at any time during the course of his/her studies by the Head of institution. In case of disputes of doubts concernding admission etc., decision of the Head of Institution shall be final and binding .

17. Admission shall be given to resident of Madhya Pradesh only, if the seats remain vacant, then admission to the candidates of other State s shall be final and binding.

(N.B. Tjhis clause is not applicable to N.R.I/ Paymet / MGT Seats)

18. Any students taking part in any kind of anti social activites taking part in any kind of hooliganism either inside or outside the institute premises unauthorized absence for attending classes taking part in any unacademic activities ragging etc., will be liable for rustication/ expulsion.

19. The Head of the Institution reserves the right to refuse admission/registration at his own discretion to any students in the beginning of any academic semester for reason of his/her behaving in a manner subversive to discipline or for any grave misconduct.

20. All students should check the percentage of their attendance from time to time and parents/guardians also should keep a watch with regard to the percentage of attendance of their son/daughter/ ward and progress in studies.

21. Modification to Rules/Procedures: The institution reserve the right to amend any rule/procedure for admission to the course and any modification so made shall be binding on all candidates. Under intimation to and with the consent of the University.

22. a) Fee structure shall be fixed by the parmedical council the university and the same must be contained in the information brochure which is to be supplied with the admission form.